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Monday, December 5

  1. page AdolescentLiteracySupports edited ... Leu, D., Zawilinski, L., Caster J., Banerjee, M., Housand, B., Liu, Y., & O'Neil, M (2011)…
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    Leu, D., Zawilinski, L., Caster J., Banerjee, M., Housand, B., Liu, Y., & O'Neil, M (2011). What Is New about the New Literacies of Online Reading. In L. Rush, A. Eakle, & L. Berger (Eds.), Secondary School Literacy: What Research Reveals for Classroom Practice. (pp. 37-68). Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.
    Torgesen, J. K., Houston, D. D., Rissman, L. M., Decker, S. M., Roberts, G., Vaughn, S., Wexler, J. Francis, D. J, Rivera, M. O., Lesaux, N. (2007). Academic literacy instruction for adolescents: A guidance document from the Center on Instruction. Portsmouth, NH: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction.
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  2. page AdolescentLiteracySupports edited {cooltext.png} {josenote.jpg} {Names.png} {josenote.jpg} {book_stars.jpg} {power_tools.jp…
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    Introduction to Adolescent Literacy
    Adolescent literacy is one of the major problems facing the modern American school system. Reading is one of the most important skills that students must learn to succeed in school and to become productive members of society. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) has conducted research concerning the current climate of literacy in America and has discovered that two-thirds of the secondary education students in American school systems lack the essential reading skills required to finish their education (Faggella-Luby, Ware, & Capozzoli, 2009). This is an alarming issue and needs to be remedied as soon as possible, and the research the NAEP provides can help the literacy rate begin to rise. The NAEP’s research also discovered, “70% of eighth graders perform at or below the Basic level in reading comprehension” (Faggella-Luby, Ware, & Capozzoli, 2009). The areas of comprehension that adolescents struggle with include recognizing literal information from the text, finding a main idea, and describing the central problem faced by a main character (Faggella-Luby, Ware, & Capozzoli, 2009). Research has shown that only with direct instruction of strategies to assist struggling readers can students gain the ability to understand text and language (M.D. Coyne, et al, 2009). Without these comprehension skills and strategies students will not be able to succeed in school or after school life because these skills are foundational and can be applied to almost every career.
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  3. page Literacy supports ELL edited ... Introduction What is Literacy? ... in the UnitedStates United States today. Elements …
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    Introduction
    What is Literacy?
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    in the UnitedStatesUnited States today.
    Elements of literacy include, understanding spoken word, decoded words, phonics, reading comprehension, and vocabulary. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) defines literacy as the "ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts.
    English Language Learners (ELL)
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    Early Literacy Support is an intervention programme for children who need additional support. It includes a training programme, a screening package, and 60 extra literacy sessions to be run by a teaching assistant. Good first teaching will meet the needs of mostchildren, but provision must be made for those who may experience difficulty with early literacy learning. Early identification and support is the most effective approach to preventing long-term difficulties.
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    Apps for Literacy Supports on IPHONE/IPAD

    References
    International Reading Association
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  4. page Literacy supports ELL edited ... Tip 7 – Show that you value your child's efforts The video below addresses activities promoti…
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    Tip 7 – Show that you value your child's efforts
    The video below addresses activities promoting literacy in young children.
    Controversial topics and Recent reasearch in English
    Literacy is no longer considered the ability to read and write. Lasisi Ajayi explains the definition of literacy has been expanded to include “the ability to construct and understand the different possibilities of meanings made available by differing textual forms associated with diverse domains such as the Internet, videogames, visual images, graphics, and layouts” (585). Contemporary times imply there is a crucial role of multimodal/multiliteracies. Furthermore, literacy is “context-specific, text-type specific, and social practice specific” (586). This means that teachers, no matter the subject they teach, “need to think multimodally when choosing texts for their students. Teachers need to relate their teaching materials to the life skills, social interests, and applications of multimodal texts as contemporary and important text types in English-language learners’ lives” (594).
    So how can teachers support literacy for English language learners in regards to these circumstances? Professional development ought to be focused on increasing the content-area teachers’ ability to support academic literacy development, in order to help them be more responsive to the needs of ELLs. According to Julie Meltzer and Edmund T. Hamann, quality literacy professional development needs to include “much of what ELLs’ learning: explicit instruction and modeling of before-, during-, and after-reading strategies; relevance and connections to students’ lives; and multiple opportunities for reading, writing, and speaking about content in all classes. These practices fall into one of three categories: classroom practices that increase student motivation and engagement, generic literacy and learning practices, and content-specific literacy practices” (34). Teachers ought to also approach effective literacy instruction for English language learners through the gradual release model of responsibly, in regards to providing explicit instruction and then guided practice.
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  5. page Social Networking and Disabilities edited ... Social networking is defined as web-based platforms that provide a method for people to find a…
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    Social networking is defined as web-based platforms that provide a method for people to find and communicate with familiar people or people who share the same interests (Boyd, D. & Elison, N.B. 2007). However, this is a rather broad definition. More specifically, social networking allows one to see and connect with other people in their "friend" networks. It is a way to keep connections with family, friends, professionals, students, or people with similar interests through online services such as the ones shown above. A user will typically have a profile that lists their interests/purpose for their page (blog, twitter, etc.) and possibly provide internet links to other pages that interest them. They will then have friends or connections that will be able to contact them through the site.
    History of Social Networking:
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    launched in 2003),2004 within Harvard and expanded later), and other
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    How social networking has increased in importance in our society today:
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  6. page Social Networking and Disabilities edited ... {facebook} {myspace} {blogger} What is social networking? ... N.B. 2007). However, thi…
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    {facebook} {myspace} {blogger}
    What is social networking?
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    N.B. 2007). However, this is a rather broad definition. More specifically, social networking allows one to see and connect with other people in their "friend" networks. It is
    History of Social Networking:
    The first recognized social networking site came in 1997, and it has only grown in popularity. There are widely recognized sites, like facebook (which was launched in 2003), and other niche sites that provide a smaller community for people with specific interests. The picture below represents a timeline of the launch of different social networks (Boyd, D. & Elison, N.B. 2007).
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    This "Being Green" Youtube, Inc. video is an example of one way to use the internet and social networking to connect to all individuals.
    Through the use of his hospital's blogging website, Brian Skotko, MD, MPP was able to reach many different media outlets and advocate for individuals with Down Syndrome, more specifically for his sister Kristin. Children's Hospital Blog: Mock My Pants, Not My Sister
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    with Down SyndromeSyndrome.
    Disaboom, Inc. is a popular website created by Dr J. Glen House, a physican specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation, who is also a quadriplegic. This website can be used by individuals to access resources and information, locate jobs for individuals with disabilities, create or seek relationships, and provides a wealth of articles written by people who are living with these disabilities first hand.
    Cyber-Bullying against Individuals with Disabilities
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  7. page Preschool Speech and Language Screenings edited ... The last period involved the inclusion of pragmatics, or how language is used and perceived so…
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    The last period involved the inclusion of pragmatics, or how language is used and perceived socially. The therapies included targeting communication in activities of daily living and natural contexts rather than always relying on services within the clinic.
    For complete details of the development of the field please refer to her webpage at the University at Buffalo's site.
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    Speech
    Speech and Language
    The development of speech and language has been described by researchers as a dynamic process that provides information about a child's general and cognitive development (Nelson, Nygren, Walker & Panoscha, 2006). The developmental process involves the acquisition of skills for communication including comprehension, processing, and production (Nelson et al., 2006). All of the above processes depend upon the aforementioned components of speech and language including syntax, morphology, phonology, vocabulary, and speech (Law et al., 1998). Despite the importance of the acquisition of the basic speech and language skills listed above, children also need to develop knowledge of the use of their skills in culturally and socially appropriate manners for successful communication (Nelson et al., 2006).
    Nelson et al. (2006) provided a chart in their publication which includes the basic milestones of speech and language development for personal and professional reference:
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    Screening children for speech and language delay and disorders can involve a number of approaches. There is currently no universal screening technique for use in the primary care settings; however, milestones for speech and language development in young children are typically used as a reference. There are a multitude of screening measures available. Screening measures may involve direct interactions with the children, parent report or questionnaire, or a combination of the aforementioned items. Parents have been found to be reliable and accurate reporters regarding their child’s communication development (Crais, 2011). In addition, the validity of screening measures actually increase when professional-administered and parent-completed measures are combined. For screening purposes, either standardized testing or parent report is adequate, providing the measure being used is psychometrically sound. It is the SLP’s responsibility to choose an appropriate screening measure that meets the criteria for fairness, efficiency, and cultural-linguistic appropriateness (Crais, 2011).
    Once the screening is completed, the SLP should inform the family with the results. If the child passed the screening process, the family is reassured that the child’s communication development is proceeding well. The family should be encouraged to ask questions or express any thoughts and concerns. In addition, if the family continues to have concerns about their child’s communications, they may request testing (Crais, 2011). If the child fails the screening process, an evaluation is recommended to determine if the child is eligible for services.
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    The Perspective of the Speech-Language Pathologist
    The first perspective that relates to the prevention of communication disorders as dictated by ASHA and upheld by speech-language pathologists.
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  8. page Preschool Speech and Language Screenings edited ... Descriptive figure of the screening process for the identification of speech and language dela…
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    Descriptive figure of the screening process for the identification of speech and language delay or disorder, from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2006:
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    References
    ASHA (1988) Prevention of Communication Disorders. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/docs/html/PS1988-00228.html.
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